特別出展・戦争を伝える松(松脂採取痕跡松)


photo by Tetsuya Machida

特別出展・戦争を伝える松(松脂採取痕跡松)
Special exhibit: Pine that speaks of war.
(Pine with traces of pine resin harvesting)

上田市下之郷東山の里山には、樹幹に矢羽根状の傷をつけた松の木が、数十本確認されている。これは、特殊な鋸(ノコ)で切込みを入れて「松脂(ヤニ)」を採取した跡。

アジア太平洋戦争末期、日本は連合国側の包囲網により航空機用燃料が極度に不足していた。軍部はその打開策として、ドイツの文献を参考に、松脂から航空機用燃料を精製しようとした。これらの傷をつけられた松は、戦時体制下における燃料不足を伝える「戦争の生き証人」として、今も静かに語りかけている。
里山保全「ヤマンバの会」松脂戦跡チーム

Special exhibit: Pine that speaks of war.
(Pine with traces of pine resin harvesting)

In the woodlands of Ueda Shimonogo Higashiyama, it has been confirmed that there are several dozen pine trees with herringbone shaped marks on their trunks. These are marks made when pine resin was harvested by cutting into the wood with special saws.

At the end of the Asian Pacific War, Japan was very short of aircraft fuel, due to the tight net formed around the country by the Allies. In an effort to overcome this problem, the military authorities attempted to refine pine resin into aircraft fuel, using German reference materials. The pine trees that were scarred by this are living witnesses to war, communicating the lack of fuel under war conditions. They are still speaking quietly to us today.

Satoyama Conservation, “Yamamba no kai”, Pine Resin Harvesting Mark Team
翻訳:DUX International, Inc.

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